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What is Psychology? : * Psychology can be broadly defined as the study of the human mind and behavior. 
* It is a systematic approach to the understanding of people, their thoughts, emotions and behavior. The application of this understanding helps to solve human problems.
* It involves a comprehensive understanding of emotional issues at the deep root level which brings about health, happiness and functionality in the client.
* The study of psychology allows one to appreciate the relationship between thoughts, emotions and the resulting behavior. 
* Behavior is understood in context of both, the physical and social conditions.
Types of Psychology:
This science studies the individual, family and society to understand mental functions and triggers for certain, otherwise unexplainable social behavior. The different types of psychology explore neurological processes for human development.Psychology depends on the natural sciences for research. The branches of psychology include the following faculties: 

Clinical Psychology: In this type of psychology, the study is aimed at relieving stress or dysfunction that is triggered due to various psychological reasons. This results in personal development and emotional and physical well-being. Psychologists pursuing this stream of research study the depths of forensic testimony and clinical neuropsychology. The professionals use specially designed and adapted therapy models to generate therapeutic alliance. The subsequent exploration of psychological problems helps to identify and apply new thought and behavior modes. 

Abnormal Psychology: As the name suggests this branch of psychology studies abnormal behavior. The aim is to understand the shift in nature and abnormal interactive patterns adopted by an individual. It uses psychopathology and clinical psychology to research on the causes behind psychological disorders. This branch of psychology studies maladaptive features of the condition, in the presence of disability, 
stress and/or dysfunction.

Cognitive Psychology: This type of psychology studies the mental processes that dictate behavioral traits. It experiments with learning, perception, memory and attention, to apply information processing to mental reasoning and normal functions. It is for this reason that it is also called experimental psychology. Cognitive psychology is the result of input from various neurobiologists, logicians and linguists, who emphasize not only on theory, but also formalization. 

Comparative Psychology: In this type of psychology, the behavior patterns of animals are studied. This branch of science is vital to psychological research. It provides comparisons to ascertain traits and prove evolutionary links. Studying animal behavior also enables the psychologists to gain a better understanding of human psychology. Animal models are experimented with to study emotion and behavior.

Counseling psychology: Counseling psychology, as the name suggests, refers to the study of interpersonal relationships across a span of time. The focus, in this branch of psychology is on social, emotional, educational, developmental and vocational a issue that brings about major changes in behavior. The Counseling Psychologist uses psychotherapy to experiment on sensitive relationship-based issues. 

Developmental Psychology: This science mainly focuses on the development of the human mind. All the endeavors are directed towards a better understanding of perception and change. Intellectual, as well as moral development is targeted at the end of every session. Research involves a closer look at behavior triggers present in natural settings and physical change. 

Educational psychology: This branch of psychology studies educational setting and interventions. 
Psychologists experiment with the dimensions of teaching and social psychology applied within schools and colleges. Educational psychology influences teaching methods and general practices in and around the campus.

Biological psychology: Biological psychology studies the mental frame as a biological substrate. This branch of psychology investigates behavior that springs from reactions within the nervous system. Most of the research is conducted via experiments with behavioral and cognitive neuroscience. The aim is to understand the function of the brain with regards to different psychological triggers and processes. Biological psychology links human behavior with the brain to study the areas within the brain connected with certain reactions. 
The Psychology department of Jagjiwan College, Ara was established in 1959.
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Prof. Radha Mohan Singh
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